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C

Clinical trial

A clinical trial is a health-related research study involving volunteers who are usually patients with a specific disease. The aims of these trials are to test whether potential new treatments are effective and safe.


Clinical trials

A clinical trial is any research study that assigns human participants to health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes.



Comparators

The alternatives to the proposed treatment or strategy.


Compound rescue

Compound rescue is taking a potential drug compound at advanced stage of pharma development but abandoned before drug approval, and testing it a disease that is different than the one it was originally developed for and then abandoned.


Control group

A control group in a clinical trial is given either an existing standard treatment or a placebo, to serve as a base line for the new medicine's effects to be tested against.


Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the voluntary activities undertaken by a company to operate in an economic, social, and environmentally sustainable manner.


Cost of illness

A measure of the economic burden of a disease on society, incorporating all costs of the disease.



Cost-consequence model

A model that details the costs and outcomes of an intervention separately, without combining the two elements


Cost-effectiveness

A measure of the value a new treatment provides by looking at the costs per unit of benefit.


Cost-effectiveness

A measure of the value a new treatment provides by looking at the costs per unit of benefit.




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