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A stage of research that begins before a first-in-man clinical study, during which feasibility and drug safety data are collected. Preclinical studies are required before clinical trials can be started

Predatory price hikes

When marketing authorisation has not been secured for a drug by a company, it is possible for another organisation to buy the drug and drastically increase the price at which it is sold


A greater liking for one option over another

Press release

A press release is an essential communication tool that is used to get your message across to the media in one fell swoop. It follows the structure of a typical news story including relevant quotes and 5 Ws and 1 H (who? what? Where? When? Why? and how?). Whether you want to announce a fundraising event, launching an awareness campaign, promoting an accomplishment or engaging in any clinical trial/research programme, a press release can be used to get the right publicity. 


The proportion of a chosen population that are affected by a single disease.


A biologically inactive compound which can be metabolised in the body to produce a drug

Product registry

Registries set up to collect information related to pharmacovigilance. They are different to patient registries as they only include people taking the medicine in question and only collect information on the drug’s effects. 


The extent to which an individual can work effectively.


To increase or spread at a rapid rate 


A protocol is the plan for a piece of research. It usually includes information about:

  • what question the research is asking and its important / relevance
  • the background and context of the research, including what other research has been done before
  • how many people will be involved
  • who can take part
  • the research method
  • what will happen to the results and how they will be publicised.

A protocol describes in great detail what the researchers will do during the research. Usually, it cannot be changed without going back to a research ethics committee for approval.

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