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D

Disease

A disorder of structure of function in an organism


Dissemination

Dissemination involves communicating the findings of a research project to a wide range of people who might find it useful. This can be done through:

  • producing reports (often these are made available on the Internet)
  • publishing articles in journals or newsletters
  • issuing press releases
  • giving talks at conferences

It is important to feed back the findings of research to research participants.


DNA

A chemical substance which makes up the genes, and which contains the information needed for the body to work. 


Dosage

The amount of or frequency that a drug is given in


Drug

Any substance that causes a change in an organism


Drug reformulation

Drug reformulation is taking an existing approved drug and creating a new delivery form or a new dosage.


Drug repositioning

Drug repositioning is when a pharma company takes one of their patent protected drugs and creates a new disease use for it, and then starts marketing the drug for a new use. 


Drug reprofiling

Drug reprofiling changes an already approved drug by creating tiny variations (called isomers) so that it can be re-patented for a new disease indication


Drug repurposing

Taking a drug already approved for human use in one disease and using it for another disease



Drug target

A drug target is anything in a living organism to which a drug can binds to, causing a change in its behaviour or function. Common biological targets are proteins and nucleic acids.




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