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Amino acid

Amino acids are the building blocks to forming proteins: they are the acids formed from the coding of a triplet of bases in the DNA. There are 20 amino acids, and most have several triplets which code for them.

Animal model

Humans and animals share many similarities in physiology, anatomy, and genetics. Animals can therefore act as an effective model for humans and are especially useful in studying genetic conditions. 

Animal model

An animal model utilises a non-human species to be studied to understand particular biological phenomena, to provide insight into the workings of other organisms.