Main glossary


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B

Baseline data

This is data that is collected on patients at the beginning of the clinical trial.


Big data

Extremely large data sets that may be analysed computationally to reveal patterns, trends and associations 


Biobank

A biobank is a place that stores biological samples for use in research


Biochemical

Relating to the chemical processes and substances that occur within living organisms


Bioinformatics

An interdisciplinary field of science that combines biology, computer science, information engineering, mathematics and statistics to analyse data


Biological sample

Any sample or specimen of material derived from an organism


Biomarker

A naturally occurring molecule, gene or characteristic by which a biological process can be identified


Biotechnology

The area of biology involving living systems and organisms used to develop a product


Blinding

Blinding means setting up a trial in a way which prevents anyone from knowing which participants are in the control group and which are in the treatment group.


Boilerplate paragraph

It is the small section at the end of the press release that provides some background information about the organisation or group, including what the group does, its mission and past accomplishments. It comes under the “Notes to Editor” section along with relevant links to the website and social media channels.


Bowed legs

When the leg curves outward at the knee


Branded

Drugs that have been given a name by a company for the purpose of advertising


Budget impact

The change in levels of spending because of a decision



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