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A drug that has been identified as having strong therapeutic potential and will be taken into clinical trials


A person who is generally not affected with the condition (at that moment), but carries one faulty copy of a gene

Clinical research

Clinical research is any research that requires human participation. This could include giving biological samples (e.g. blood or tissue), answering health questionnaires, giving researchers access to medical records, or taking part in a clinical trial

Clinical trial

A clinical trial is any research study that assigns human participants to health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes.


A medical professional that has direct contact with patients


The presence of more than one disorder in the same patient

Coding region

The coding region of a gene, also known as the CDS, is that portion of a gene's DNA or RNA that codes for protein. 


A group of people with a shared characteristic


The alternative to the proposed treatment or strategy


The alternatives to the proposed treatment or strategy.

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