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P

Pre-clinical research

Pre-clinical research is essentially all medical research that does not require human participation. To name but a few methods, researchers can use bacteria, yeast, animal models, and computational models to investigate human health.


Preclinical

A stage of research that begins before a first-in-man clinical study, during which feasibility and drug safety data are collected. Preclinical studies are required before clinical trials can be started


Predatory price hikes

When marketing authorisation has not been secured for a drug by a company, it is possible for another organisation to buy the drug and drastically increase the price at which it is sold


Preferences

A greater liking for one option over another


Press release

A press release is an essential communication tool that is used to get your message across to the media in one fell swoop. It follows the structure of a typical news story including relevant quotes and 5 Ws and 1 H (who? what? Where? When? Why? and how?). Whether you want to announce a fundraising event, launching an awareness campaign, promoting an accomplishment or engaging in any clinical trial/research programme, a press release can be used to get the right publicity. 


Prevalence

The proportion of a chosen population that are affected by a single disease.


Pro-drug

A biologically inactive compound which can be metabolised in the body to produce a drug


Product registry

Registries set up to collect information related to pharmacovigilance. They are different to patient registries as they only include people taking the medicine in question and only collect information on the drug’s effects. 


Productivity

The extent to which an individual can work effectively.


Proliferative

To increase or spread at a rapid rate 


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